Key Basic Information about the New Lower Secondary Curriculum

The Ministry of Education and Sports, rolled out the new curriculum (CBC), in February 2020 with emphasis on practical skills, attitudes, and morals geared towards the overall goal of producing graduates with employable skills and who are competitive in the world of work (WOW)/ Labour market.

What is new?

  1. The teaching subjects were reduced to 21 from 43. A learner has a maximum of 12 subjects at S.1 and S.2, out of which 11 are compulsory while one is chosen from an elective menu.

  2. The compulsory subjects taught in the new curriculum are English, Mathematics, History and Political Education, Geography, Physics, Biology, and Chemistry.

  3. Kiswahili, Physical Education, (IRE or CRE), and Enterprenuership Education are compulsory for learners in S.1 and S.2, but they become electives in S.3 and S.4.

  4. The other elective subjects are Agriculture, ICT, Art, and Design, Performing Arts, Nutrition and Food Technology, Technology and design, Among the languages we have (French, German, Latin, Arabic, Chinese), the Local Languages (Luganda, Lusoga, etc) and Literature in English.

  5. At S.3 and S.4 learners will do a maximum of 9 subjects and a minimum of 8 subjects out of 7 are compulsory subjects and 1 or 2 subjects will be selected from the pre- vocational or languages.

  6. Learners with special learning needs are required to do general science. It combines biology, Chemistry, and Physics content.

  7. Class lessons are lasting only 6 hours. Lessons start at 8:00 am and end at 3:30 Pm. After 3:30 pm learners are engaged in research, project work, debates, clubs, games and sports, self-study, and community service.

  8. Learners do a maximum of 2 projects every term. The projects are to help the learners in thinking deeply about the content taught while also learning generic skills such as critical thinking, communication, and collaboration.

  9. Learners are in charge of their own learning (Learner-Centered) They generate and construct their own knowledge. They make their own notes and teachers harmonise them.

  10. The content taught in class has been developed based on relevance, societal needs, and national goals. Cross-cutting issues such as climate change, patriotism, Covid 19, HIV/AIDs, and human rights among others are being Intergrated into various subjects.

  11. The teacher’s role in class is to facilitate. The activities of teachers in class are; to converse, observe and obtain a final product. The teacher guides learners as they discover, explain, analyse and apply the knowledge.

  12. Every learner will be identified by a Learner Identification Number (LIN). This number will be used on his or her documents and it will be constant in his or her academic journey. This same number will be used on his or her assessment.

  13. Formative assessment (Projects and A.O.I) contributes 20% and summative assessment (UNEB FINAL) 80%

Some subjects have taken different forms

  • Fine art has been redesigned to include elements of design and its now called Art and design

  • Technical drawing has been integrated with elements of woodwork, metalwork, and technology and it is now called Technology and design

  • Accounts and commerce have been integrated to Entrepreneurship Education

  • History has been integrated with political education to form History and Political Education

  • Dance and drama have been integrated into music to give birth to performing arts

Kaziba Steven
New Curriculum coordinator!






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